The founder and president of the Serbian Society for Integrative Art Psychotherapy is Professor Snežana Milenković, PhD.
The Society was established in Belgrade on 22 March 1999 with the objective to promote mental health, as well as to improve educational standards and promote the principle of continual education, encourage scientific research, and apply the principles and methods of Integrative Art Psychotherapy in practice (in the areas of healthcare, upbringing and education, social welfare, etc.). Professor Snežana Milenković, PhD is a clinical psychologist and psychotherapist, doctor of medical sciences, full professor at the Department of Psychology of the University of Novi Sad, actively engaged in the field of psychology and psychotherapy. She taught Psychotherapy (several courses focusing on psychotherapy) and Art Psychology. She also taught Psychology of Creativity at the Academy of Art in Novi Sad. As a lecturer, she has taken part in a large number of national and international scientific congresses and meetings. She is the author of the books "Values of Contemporary Psychotherapy", "Psychotherapy and Spirituality", and "Soul Thinks in Images – Integrative Art Psychotherapy", as well as numerous papers published in Serbia and abroad. It is of particular importance to note her efforts and contribution to the mental health area and to the promotion of positive psychology and psychotherapy focusing on personal health, growth and development. As a psychotherapist she advocates an integrative approach with a special emphasis on Art Psychotherapy. Her approach is called Integrative Art Psychotherapy and it represents a holistic, integrative psychotherapeutic approach that Professor Snežana Milenković, PhD has developed in the course of her forty-year psychotherapeutic practice and which integrates different psychotherapeutic modalities, methods and techniques: psychoanalytic, transaction-analytical, gestalt, body therapy, cognitive-behavioural, systemic, and creative-artistic.
prof. dr Snežana Milenković
Integrative Art Psychotherapy constitutes a creative use of artistic media such as: painting, drawing, sculpture, music, movement, dance, drama, story-telling, poetry, film, video, as well as combined techniques in the presence of the psychotherapist in a protected
and supportive therapeutic situation. It opens one’s personal ways of creativity that lead to resolving problems or change. It offers a lot to those who are faced with daily problems of living but also
to those who want to explore their personal creative potentials. It returns us to the source of our strengths: spontaneity, creativity, naturalness, and liveliness.
Professor Snežana Milenković, PhD is a founder and long-term president of Serbian (formerly: Yugoslav) Union of Associations for Psychotherapy (1997-2009). After stepped down from this position, she has been appointed the Honorary President of the Union. She was the national delegate in the European Board of Psychotherapy from 1997 to 2012.
She is a founder and president of the Serbian Society for Integrative Art Psychotherapy (1999-present).
She is an EAP Board member, member of the EAP Scientific Research Committee (SARS), member of the Editorial Board of International Journal of Psychotherapy (IJP). She is a holder of the European Certificate for Psychotherapy and the Serbian National Certificate for Psychotherapy.
Integrative Art Psychotherapy (IAP) is psychotherapy which creatively uses the artistic media as a therapeutic means of verbal and non-verbal,
symbolic communication in the presence of the psyhotherapist in a protected and supportive therapeutic setting( holding environment) in which empathy is the basis of communication. We see art as a bridge in client/patient – psychotherapist communication.
IAP is not limited to one psychotherapeutic model. It opens up doors for the the integrative art psychotherapist to be effective with a wide range of individuals, with different methods, techniques and approaches.
A special place belongs to the magical power of the image and wortk with it. The image gives power over something which is presented by it, but ,at the same time,
it represents a future plan of action. Therefore, the image in IAP has multiple functions:
1. Image can be used as a a contemporary diagnostic means;
2. Image can be used as prognostic means;
3. Image can be used as a communication means-as a way of creating and keeping contact;
4. Image can be used as psychotherapeutic means for de-construction or re-construction of the previous, starting image; In a way, a new re-created image represents therapeutic goal achievement.
IAP in this way becomes powerful means of change considering both the client/patient and the psychotherapist. In IAP, the client/patient and psychotherapist alike are engaged in finding the artist within themselves. Together, they create a matrix in which verbal and nonverbal communications come alive as both parties are touched by common experience. The process of change goes both ways. Both the client/patient and the psychotherapist are open for change.
In IAP, by releasing the mental and body blocades we are in a position to invest our released, free energy in our goals and life dreams to create our life and desitiny.
What does Integrative Art Psychotherapy give us?
IAP allows for bridging the gap between and better synthesis of the verbal and non-verbal, conscious and unconscious, internal and external, speaking and acting, reality and fantasy, rationality and intuition. All of this facilitates and allows for the unity of the body, soul and spirit. IAP is consciousness-based multi level holistic psychotherapy approach including body, mind and soul. We acquire a greater potential for creatively coping both with difficulties and with the richness of life. Overcoming the difficulties may be a way towards our maturity, and opening to the richness of life returns us to the source of our strength.
Who is Integrative Art Therapy intended for?
It is intended for all those who are faced with everyday problems in life, as well as those who have an inclination towards this form of expression and who want to set their creative potentials free, those who believe that change is not only possible but also necessary.
The study programme of Integrative Art Psychotherapy has been designed in accordance with the
standards of the European Association for Psychotherapy and Strasbourg Declaration on
Psychotherapy, as well as in keeping with the criteria of the Union of Serbian Associations of
Psychotherapists (Savez društava psihoterapeuta Srbije - SDPS) which includes the Serbian Society
for Integrative Art Psychotherapy (SDIAP) established in 1999.
It allows for attaining the National Certificate for Psychotherapy and the European Certificate for Psychotherapy (ECP).
The complete programme, aimed at acquiring knowledge, adopting skills and gaining experience in the field of Integrative Art Psychotherapy, lasts for a minimum of four years and is divided in three parts:
1st. year of education (Basic Course)
2nd. year of education (Advanced Course - the degree of Integrative Art Counselor)
3rd. year of education (Supervision - the degree of Integrative Art Psychotherapist)
4th. year of education (Supervision - the degree of Integrative Art Psychotherapist)
Upon completing the second year of education, a candidate is issued a certificate on having acquired knowledge and skills of counseling in Integrative Art Psychotherapy (the level of Integrative Art Counselor), and upon completion of the entire four-year programme, the candidate attains the title of an Integrative Art Psychotherapist.
Admission Requirements: A university degree in social or humanistic studies – psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, educators, teachers, pedagogues, special education professionals, and other related health professions working on the protection of mental health and its improvement.
Other professions are also taken into consideration, e.g. students graduating from the faculties of fine arts (with additional learning and general knowledge in psychotherapy propaedeutic). All candidates pass the selection procedure to enter the training programme.
The head of the educational programme is Professor Snežana Milenković, PhD. , full professor at the University of Novi Sad, psychologist, integrative art psychotherapist, honorary president and one of the founders of the Serbian Union of Associations for Psychotherapy, EAP Board member, member of the EAP Scientific Research Committee (SARS), member of the publishing board of the International Journal for Psychotherapy (IJP), member of the publishing board of the journal EC Psychology and Psychiatry and a licenced psychotherapist with the National and European certificates in the field of psychotherapy.-->
Trainers and supervisors who take part in the education are psychotherapists with national, European and world certificates in the field of psychotherapy.
- Jelena Šakotić Kurbalija (Serbia)
- Davorka Marović Johnson (USA)
- Erik Tveit (Norway)
The education programme is conducted through 20 one-day workshops during one academic year (two semesters), for at least four years, plus topic-specific two-day workshops, one per each academic year.
Six-day summer schools of psychotherapy are also organized, focusing on various topics relevant for education in Integrative Art Psychotherapy, with participation of foreign psychotherapists.
Basic Course lasts one academic year (250 hours).
Advanced (Counseling) Course lasts one academic year (250 hours).
Supervised (Psychotherapeutic) level lasts for a minimum of two academic years (500 hours).
Final examination – Written and Spoken exams (assessment of theoretical and practical knowledge of Integrative Art Psychotherapy); Three session transcripts are required for taking the final exam!
The education organized by the Society offers 4 years of training in Integrative Art Psychotherapy with over 2500 hours. It consists of the following:
1. PERSONAL THERAPY (400 hoursof individual and group work)
2. THEORETICAL STUDIES IN INTEGRATIVE ART PSYCHOTHERAPY (800 hours, 400 hours of active theoretical study plus 400 hours of preparation, reading relevant literature, writing research papers, transcripts). The programme of theoretical education has been harmonized with the standards of the European Association for Psychotherapy (EAP) and the Serbian Union of Associations for Psychotherapy (Savez društava psihoterapeuta Srbije - SDPS).
3. PRACTICAL TRAINING (500 hours, exercises, experimenting, experience of working in a group, managing individual and group art therapy-oriented counseling/psychotherapy).
4. SUPERVISION of clinical practice of the candidates(150 hours):
-Direct,, which involves leading a group, and
-Indirect, which involves the transcripts of sessions with clients.
5. PSYCHOTHERAPEUTIC PRACTICE with clients/patients in mental and social healthcare settings or work with individual clients/patients, families or groups, under constant supervision by the educator/mentor (such as appropriate and in keeping with the theory and methods of Integrative Art Psychotherapy) for a period of at least two consecutive years (600 hours).
6. FOUR OUTDOOR WORKSHOPS (4 x 20 hours = 80 hours)
Upon completing education, candidates obtain the licence valid in Serbia and become Certified Integrative Art Psychotherapists, which further leads to the National Certificate of Psychotherapy (issued by the Union of Associations for Psychotherapists) and to the European Certificate for Psychotherapy issued by the EAP.
The first year is focused mainly on the activities carried our within the Basic Course in
order to create a climate for learning through experience, getting acquainted with art therapeutic
methodology and an introduction to the principles of art therapy. It includes training in active
emphatic listening (Rogers’ non-directive client-oriented counseling) and its application in art
therapy work with clients.
It also includes other psychotherapeutic approaches – psychoanalysis and psychodynamic processes in art therapy (transfer, countertransference, resistance, defence mechanisms), as well as basic concepts of Transactional analysis, which are suitable for understanding not only intrasubjective realities and dynamics, but also intersubjective, social events (ego states, transactions, games, scripts).
In the second year, within the Advanced (Counselling) Course, the trainees advance towards a more complex level of work. The experience is expanded and enriched by introducing contents from other psychotherapeutic schools (adopting advanced knowledge of Transactional Analysis and basic knowledge of Systemic Family Therapy, which serves to understand both family and individual personality dynamics) in the context of art therapy work. The knowledge of Body Psychotherapy is also included, as the body is inevitably involved in deeper and integrative psychotherapeutic work, as it constitutes the pivot of expressive art-therapy work, as well as the latest findings in the field of neuroscience and non-dual mindfulness psychotherapy.
At the end of this process, candidates receive a certificate on having mastered the knowledge and skills of art therapy counselling (completed introductory and advanced levels of education).
In the third and fourth year, within the Supervised Psychotherapy Practice (supervision + thematic orientation + personal work + experience through exercises), the focus of the training is on supervised practice of the candidates. At the same time, learning continues in the context of the training group in the field of psychotherapeutic work for which the participants of the training programme have defined the thematic orientation (focus on specific topics and work with different categories of clients). In addition to the physical and mental aspects, the programme also includes the spiritual aspect of work (theoretical and practical), in accordance with the latest scientific knowledge of quantum healing and neuroscience.
This is of particular importance given the approach of IAP (Integrative Art Psychotherapy) is fundamentally holistic, integrative and creative. It allows for bridging the gap between and a better synthesis of the verbal and non-verbal, conscious and unconscious, external and internal, speaking and doing, reality and fantasy, rationality and intuition, all of which helps and allows the unity of the soul, spirit and body.
At the end of this supervisory psychotherapeutic stage and passing the final examination, the candidates receive a certificate confirming their successful completion of training in Integrative Art Psychotherapy.
PERSONAL PSYCHOTERAPY (400 hours). Individual personal psychotherapy is a prerequisite
for future work of an Integrative Art Psychotherapist and it ensures that the candidate has been
exposed to the method and has experienced its effect as a client, and at the same time gained an
insight into the existence of their own ‘blind spots’ that may hinder their work as psychotherapists.
THEORY OF INTEGRATIVE ART PSYCHOTHERAPY (800 hours), which includes the theory of human development during the life cycle, including sexual development, understanding of other psychotherapeutic approaches, the theory of change, understanding social moments in relation to psychotherapy, psychopathology theory, theory of diagnostics and intervention, etc.
PRACTICAL EXPERIENCE OF WORK IN A GROUP (500 hours) includes practical training (exercises and experiments, experience in managing individual and group art therapy oriented counseling / psychotherapy).
PSYCHOTHERAPY PRACTICE UNDER PERMANENT SUPERVISION - at least two years continuously (or 600 hours) of professional practice which is supervised.
SUPERVISED PRACTICE (150 hours) of continued supervision of psychotherapeutic work in clinical and extra-clinical working conditions in the course of the third and fourth years of education in Integrative Art Psychotherapy, individually and in group (direct and indirect supervision).
In addition to this, there are four compulsory two-day outdoor workshops of Integrative Art Psychotherapy and optional summer schools that are organized for all the candidates and psychotherapists of other psychotherapeutic modalities, as well as for other healthcare professionals.
FINAL EXAMINATION consists of a written test and an oral exam, plus the recordings (audio, video) or transcripts of three sessions.
- History of Art Psychotherapy
- The basic principles of Art Psychotherapy
- Psychopathology of Expression and Art Psychotherapy
- Creative Development – from blocked energy (physical and mental blockades) to creativity (Arttherapeutic theory of development)
- Art Psychotherapy Techniques – Multimodality Approach
- Materials (shape, texture, colour, volume, space, movement, etc.)
- Different Media of Artistic Expression (visual arts, drama, movement and sound, music, storytelling, video, film, photograph, combined art)
- The Impact of Psychoanalysis on the Development of Art Psychotherapy
- Primary and Secondary Processes in Art Psychotherapy
- Resistance and Work with Resistance in Art Psychotherapy
- Transfer and Counter-Transfer in Art Psychotherapy
- Mirroring Transference and Idealising Transference
- Diagnostic Indicators in Artistic Production
- Body Work in Art Psychotherapy
- Body Therapy and Art-Therapy Approach
- Physical and mental blockades – Diagnostics and their treatment in Art Therapy
- Connecting body, mind and soul
- Bibliotherapy and Art Therapy
- Working with dreams, using fantasy, metaphors, stories and various creative products
- Connection of images and words in a therapeutic relation
- Photo Therapy and Art Therapy
- Individual and group work with images
- Generating a holding environment by means of empathy, transitional space and games
- The artistic-therapeutic process: from imagination, through the translation of images into visible artistic forms (the process of externalization) towards revealing the meaning of the image assisted by the therapist and work on its de-construction and re-construction
- Reflection – mirroring of both words and images
- Art psychotherapist as a client’s assistant (co-creator) in recognizing the projected material, a ’bridge’ from the image to the client
- Secondary traumatization
- The image as an extension of the self in a symbolic form
- Art Therapy and its relation with formal and diagnostic systems (DSM V i ICD-10)
- Group Art Therapy
- Group Work Conditions
- External and Internal Factors which influence the Group
- Objectives and Purposes of Group Work
- Limits and Rules in a Group
- Open and Closed Groups
- The Role of Group Management
- Introduction and Warming Up
- Selection of Activities and Topics
- Completion of Group Work
- Keeping Record and Evaluation of Group Work
- Problems and Difficulties in Work
- Family Art Therapy and Art Genogram
- Working with Couples and Families in Art Therapy
- Work with Sexual Problems and Sexual/Gender Identity Issues in Art Therapy
- Vicarious traumatization
- The Theory of Human Development through Life Cycles
- TA and Art Therapeutic Approach
- Art Therapeutic Analysis of the life script
- Basic concepts and techniques of TA
- Social Function of Art Therapy
- Political Function of Art Therapy
- Humanistic Function of Art Therapy
- Spiritual Function of Art Therapy
- Theories of Psychopathology and Art Diagnosis
- Theories of Assessment and Intervention
- Personality Theories: The Theory of Personality Adaptations
- Post-modern topics in Art Therapy
- Art Therapy as Spiritual Psychotherapy
- The Values of Contemporary Psychotherapy
- Research in Art Therapy and Psychotherapy
- The Identity of an Art Psychotherapist
- Possibilities of Development and Limitations of Art Therapy
- Non-dual Mindfulness of Psychotherapy
- Neuroscience – the latest research and findings
- Integral theory (Ken Wilber)
- Empathic fatigue
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